The Literature Police

Select Bibliography

Archival sources

Lilly Library, Indiana University
Nadine Gordimer Papers

Macmillan SA, Johannesburg
Ravan Press Archives (RPA)

National Afrikaans Literature and Research Centre, Bloemfontein (NALN)
Author and Publisher Papers

National Archives and Records of South Africa, Pretoria
Censorship Board

National English Literary Museum, Grahamstown, South Africa (NELM)
Author and Publisher Papers

New York Public Library, Rare Books Division
Nadine Gordimer Papers
New Yorker Archive

St Hugh’s College, Oxford
Mary Renault Papers

South African Library, Cape Town
South African PEN Centre, Memorandum, n.d. [c.1960]

University of Chicago Library
Congress for Cultural Freedom Papers

University of Reading Library
Heinemann African Writers Series Archives
Jonathan Cape Archives
Secker & Warburg Archives

Western Cape Provincial Archives and Records, Cape Town (WCPA)

Digital sources

Beacon for Freedom of Expression, accessed 27 June 2008.

Brink, André P., ‘Kennis van Sensuur 2004’, accessed 7 Aug. 2007.

Bronstein, V., ‘What You Can and Can’t Say in South Africa’ (draft), accessed 22 May 2007.

The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa (1996), accessed 4 June 2006.

Digital Innovation South Africa, Freedom Struggles, 1950–94, accessed 25 Apr. 2006.

Gardiner, M., ‘Looking for Wopko Jensma’, ZA@Play, 13 Mar. 2000, accessed 14 May 2006 but no longer available.

Students’ British Board of Film Classification, accessed 12 Aug. 2006.

Oral sources

Coetzee, A., personal interview, 28 Aug. 2001.
Coetzee, J. M., personal interviews, 8 May, 27 July 1999.
Kirkwood, M., personal interview, 21 Oct. 2006.
Matthews, J., personal interview, 5 Apr. 2002.
Randall, P., personal interview, 17 Aug. 1998.
Scholtz, H. van der M., personal interview, 22 Aug. 2001.
Scholtz, R., personal interview, 22 Aug. 2001.

Published sources

Government documents

Cronjé, G., et al., Report of the Commission of Enquiry in Regard to Undesirable Publications (Pretoria: Government Printer, 1957).
Department of the Interior, Annual Reports(Pretoria: Government Printer, 1975–92).
Entertainments (Censorship) Act, No. 28, 1931, Union Gazette Extraordinary, 5 June 1931 (Pretoria: Government Printer, 1931).
Films and Publications Act, 1996, Government Gazette, 377/17560 (Pretoria: Government Printer, 1996).
Publications Act, No. 42, 1974, Government Gazette, 112/4426 (Pretoria: Government Printer, 1974).
Publications and Entertainments Act, No. 26, 1963, Statutes of the Republic of South Africa 1963 (Pretoria: Government Printer, 1963).
Report by the Commission of Inquiry into the Publications and Entertainments Bill (A. B. 61-’73) (Pretoria: Government Printer, 1974).
Report of the Select Committee on the Publications and Entertainments Amendment Bill (Pretoria: Government Printer, 1973).
Silver, Louise (ed.), Publications Appeal Board: Digest of Decisions, 4 vols (Johannesburg: Centre for Applied Legal Studies, 1979–86).
Williams, B., et al., Report of the Committee on Obscenity and Film Censorship (London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1979).

Other

Abrahams, L., ‘From Shakespeare House to the Laager: The Story of PEN (Johannesburg)’, Sesame, 3 (Summer 1983–4), 5–19.
------‘The Purple Renoster: An Adolescence’, English in Africa, 7/2 (Sept. 1980), 32–49.
Appignanesi, L., and S. Maitland (eds), The Rushdie File (London: Fourth Estate, 1989).
Attridge, D., J. M. Coetzee and the Ethics of Reading (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004).
------and R. Jolly (eds), Writing South Africa (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).
Attwell, D., ‘The Life and Times of Elizabeth Costello: J. M. Coetzee and the Public Sphere’, in J. Poyner (ed.), J. M. Coetzee and the Idea of the Public Intellectual (Athens: Ohio University Press, 2006).
------Rewriting Modernity: Studies in Black South African Literary History (Scottsville: KZN Press, 2005).

Barnard, C., ‘Brief aan Breyten’, Kol, 1/1 (Aug. 1968), 14–18.
Barthes, R., Writing Degree Zero, trans. Annette Lavers and Colin Smith (New York: Hill and Wang, 2001).
Basu, S. ‘Of Satan, Archangels and Prophets’, in L. Appignanesi and S. Maitland (eds), The Rushdie File (London: Fourth Estate, 1989).
Benjamin, W., Illuminations, trans. Harry Zohn (London: Fontana Press, 1992).
Bernstein, Edgar, ‘The Cat in the Censorship Bag’, in Tony Fleischer (ed.), New South African Writing, 2 vols (Johannesburg: Purnell, 1964–5).
Bethlehem, L., ‘“A Primary Need as Strong as Hunger”: The Rhetoric of Urgency in South African Literary Culture under Apartheid’, Poetics Today, 22/2 (Summer 2001), 365–89.
Beukes, W. D. (ed.), Boekewêreld: Die Nasionale Pers in die Uitgewersbedryf tot 1990 (Cape Town: Nasionale Boekhandel, 1992).
Blanchot, M., The Space of Literature, trans. Ann Smock (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1982).
Bollinger, L. C., and G. R. Stone (eds), Eternally Vigilant: Free Speech in the Modern Era (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002).
Breytenbach, B., End Papers (London: Faber, 1986).
------‘Klad, Teiken of Skimmelvlek?’, Kol, 1/1 (Aug. 1968), 8–13.
------’n Seisoen in die Paradys (Johannesburg: Perskor, 1976).
------Skryt: Om ’n sinkende skip blou te verf (Amsterdam: Meulenhoff, 1972).
Brink, A. P., ‘Antwoord aan Smit’, Kol, 1/3 (Oct.–Nov. 1968), 5–6.
------Kennis van die Aand (Cape Town: Buren, 1973).
------Looking on Darkness (London: W. H. Allen, 1974).
------Mapmakers (London: Faber, 1983).
------Miskien Nooit (Cape Town: Human & Rousseau, 1967).
------‘Ons sal oorwin’, Standpunte, 21/5 (June 1968), 22.
------‘Tussen Sestig en Sewentig’, Kol, 1/1 (Aug. 1968), 2–5.
Bunting, B., The Rise of the South African Reich (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1964). See also Z.N.

Campschreur, W., and J. Divendal (eds), Culture in Another South Africa (London: Zed Books, 1989).
Chakrabarty, D., Provincializing Europe (Princeton: University of Princeton Press, 2000).
Chapman, M. (ed.), The Drum Decade (Pietermaritzburg: University of Natal Press, 1989).
------South African English Poetry: A Modern Perspective (Johannesburg: Ad Donker, 1984).
------Southern African Literatures (London: Longman, 1996).
Clingman, S., The Novels of Nadine Gordimer (London: Allen & Unwin, 1986).
------(ed.), Regions and Repertoires: Topics in South African Politics and Culture (Johannesburg: Ravan, 1991).
Cockrell, A., ‘The South African Bill of Rights and the “Duck/Rabbit”’, Modern Law Review, 60/4 (July 1997), 531–7.
Coetzee, A., ‘Die skrywer en die gemeenskap teenoor mekaar’ (The Writer and the Community against Each Other), Tydskrif vir Letterkunde, 1/3 (Aug. 1963), 6–14.
Coetzee, A. J., ‘Literature and Crisis: One Hundred Years of Afrikaans Literature and Afrikaner Nationalism’, in M. Trump (ed.), Rendering Things Visible (Johannesburg: Ravan, 1990).
------‘Sachs, kultuur en die struggle’, in I. de Kok and K. Press (eds), Spring Is Rebellious (Cape Town: Buchu Books, 1990).
------‘Taurus Publishers’, Index on Censorship, 13/5 (Oct. 1984), 32.
------and J. Polley (eds), Crossing Borders: Writers Meet the ANC (Bramley: Taurus, 1990).
Coetzee, J. M., ‘Alex La Guma and the Responsibilities of the South African Writer’, Journal of New African Literature and the Arts, 9/10 (1972), 5–11.
------‘Censorship and Polemic: The Solzhenitsyn Affair’, Pretexts, 2/2 (Summer 1990), 3–36.
------Doubling the Point (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1992).
------Dusklands (Johannesburg: Ravan, 1974).
------Giving Offense: Essays on Censorship (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996).
------In the Heart of the Country (London: Secker & Warburg, 1977;Johannesburg: Ravan, 1978).
------Life & Times of Michael K (London: Secker & Warburg, 1983).
------‘The Novel Today’, Upstream, 6/1 (1988), 2–5.
------‘SA Authors Must Learn Modesty’, Die Vaderland, 1 May 1981, 16.
------‘Staffrider’, African Book Publishing Record, 5/4 (Oct. 1979), 235–6.
------Waiting for the Barbarians (London: Secker & Warburg, 1980).
------White Writing (Johannesburg: Radix, 1988).
Coggin, T. (ed.), Censorship (Johannesburg: SA Institute of Race Relations, 1983).
Cope, J., The Adversary Within (Cape Town: David Philip, 1982).
------‘The World of Contrast’, English in Africa, 7/2 (Sept. 1980), 1–21.
Cronjé, G., ‘Keer die Verspreiding van Aanstootlike Leestof’, Die Huisgenoot, 7 Oct. 1957, 6–7.
Currey, J., ‘The African Writers Series at 30’, Southern African Review of Books (Mar.–Apr. 1993), 4.

Dangor, A., et al., Exiles Within: An Anthology of Poetry (Johannesburg: Writers’ Forum, 1986).
Daymond, M. J., et al. (eds), Momentum: On Recent South African Writing (Pietermaritzburg: University of Natal Press, 1984).
Dean, W. H. B., ‘Judging the Obscene’, Acta Juridica (1972), 61–150.
Dekker, G., Afrikaanse Literatuurgeskiedenis (Cape Town: Nasionale Boekhandel, 1961).
de Kock, L., Civilizing Barbarians: Missionary Narrative and African Textual Response in Nineteenth-Century South Africa (Alice: Lovedale Press; Johannesburg: Wits University Press, 1996).
de Kok, I., and K. Press (eds), Spring Is Rebellious (Cape Town: Buchu Books, 1990).
De Lange, M., The Muzzled Muse (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1997).
Derrida, J., On the Name, ed. Thomas Dutoit (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1995).
de Villiers, G. E. (ed.), Ravan: Twenty Five Years (Randburg: Ravan, 1997).
Devlin, P., The Enforcement of Morals (London: British Academy, 1959).
Driver, C. J., ‘No Politics Is Politics’, New African, 1/4 (Apr. 1962), 13–15.
Dubow, S., A Commonwealth of Knowledge (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006).
Duncan, J. (ed.), Between Speech and Hate: Hate Speech, Pornography and the New South Africa (Johannesburg: Idasa, 1996).
Dworkin, R., ‘The Right to Ridicule’, New York Review of Books, 23 Mar. 2006, 44.

Ehmeir, W., ‘Publishing South African Literature in the 1960s’, Research in African Literatures, 26/1 (Spring 1995), 110–31.
English, J. F., The Economy of Prestige (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2005).
Evans, N., and M. Seeber (eds), The Politics of Publishing in South Africa (Scottsville: University of Natal Press, 2000).

Feinberg, B. (ed.), Poets to the People (London: Heinemann, 1981). See also Whitman, Scarlet.
Fish, S., Is There a Text in This Class? The Authority of Interpretive Communities (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980).
Fleischer, T. (ed.), New South African Writing, 2 vols (Johannesburg: Purnell, 1964, 1965).

Gala [A. La Guma], ‘Against Literary Apartheid’, African Communist, 58 (1974), 99–106. See also La Guma, A.
Galloway, F., Breyten Breytenbach as Openbare Figuur (Pretoria: Haum-Literêr, 1990).
------(ed.), SA Literature 1981 (Johannesburg: Ad Donker, 1983).
------(ed.), SA Literature 1983 (Pretoria: Haum-Literêr, 1987).
Gardiner, M., South African Literary Magazines 1956–1978 (Johannesburg: Warren Siebrits Modern and Contemporary Art, 2004).
Gardner, S. (ed.), Publisher/Writer/Reader: Sociology of Southern African Literature (Johannesburg: University of Witwatersrand Press, 1986).
Garrard, J. and C., Inside the Soviet Writers’ Union (London: I. B. Tauris, 1990).
Geldenhuys, P. B., Pornografie, Sensuur en Reg (Johannesburg: Lex Patria, 1977).
Giliomee, H., The Afrikaners: Biography of a People (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 2003).
Gordimer, N., ‘Apartheid and Censorship’, in J. S. Paton (ed.), The Grey Ones (Johannesburg: Ravan, 1974).
------The Black Interpreters (Johannesburg: Ravan, 1973).
------Burger’s Daughter (London: Jonathan Cape, 1979).
------The Conservationist (London: Jonathan Cape, 1974).
------The Essential Gesture (London: Jonathan Cape, 1988).
------‘The Idea of Gardening’, New York Review of Books (2 Feb. 1984), 3–6.
------The Late Bourgeois World (London: Gollancz, 1966).
------Some Monday for Sure (London: Heinemann, 1976).
------‘South Africa: Towards a Desk Drawer Literature’, The Classic, 2/4 (1968), 64–74.
------A World of Strangers (London: Gollancz, 1958;Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1961).
------et al., What Happened to ‘Burger’s Daughter’? (Emmarentia: Taurus, 1980).
Gray, S. (ed.), Free-lancers and Literary Biography in South Africa (Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1999).
------(ed.), On the Edge of the World (Johannesburg: Ad Donker, 1974).
Green, B., ‘“This Beacon in Our Murky Lives”: The CNA Literary Award, 1961–81’, English Academy Review, 12 (1995), 11–32.
[Gwala, M.?], ‘Arts and Entertainment’, Black Review (1973), 111–12.
------Jol’iiknomo (Johannesburg: Ad Donker, 1977).
------‘Letter to Richard Rive’, South African Outlook, 101/1207 (Dec. 1971), 178–9.
------(ed.), Black Review (1973).

Habermas, J., The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere (1962; Cambridge: Polity Press, 1989).
Head, D., Nadine Gordimer (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994).
Hofmeyr, I., The Portable Bunyan (Johannesburg: Wits University Press, 2004).
Hughes, L. (ed.), An African Treasury (New York: Crown, 1960).
Human, K., ’n Lewe met Boeke (Cape Town: Human & Rousseau, 2006).

Jensma, W., i must show you my clippings (Johannesburg: Ravan, 1977).
------where white is the colour where black is the number (Johannesburg: Ravan, 1974).
Jones, D. (ed.), Censorship: A World Encyclopedia, 4 vols (London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2001).
Joubert, S., ‘Publishing in Another South Africa’, African Publishing Record, 17/1 (1991), 9–15.

Kahn, E., ‘When the Lion Feeds---and the Censor Pounces: A Disquisition on the Banning of Immoral Publications in South Africa’, South African Law Journal, 83/3 (Aug. 1966), 278–336.
Kannemeyer, J. C., Die Afrikaanse Literatuur, 1652–2004 (Cape Town: Human & Rousseau, 2005).
Karis, T., and G. M. Gehart (eds), From Protest to Challenge: A Documentary History of African Politics in South Africa, 1882–1964, 3 vols (Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, 1972–7).
Kavanagh, R., Theatre and Cultural Struggle in South Africa (London: Zed Books, 1985).
Kemal, Y., ‘A Dirty Story’, Staffrider, 6/1 (1984), 7–14.
Kgositsile, K., ‘Culture and Resistance in South Africa’, Medu Newsletter, 5/1 (1983), 23–30.
Kirkwood, M., ‘Reflections on PEN’, Sesame, 3 (Summer 1983–4), 22–6.
------‘Staffrider: An Informal Discussion’, English in Africa, 7/2 (Sept. 1980), 22–31.
------Christopher van Wyk, et al., ‘A Reply from Ravan Press’, African Book Publishing Record, 10/4 (1984), 205–6.
Krog, A., ‘My Beautiful Land’, Sechaba, 5/1 (Jan. 1971), 16.
Kross, C., ‘Culture and Resistance’, Staffrider, 5/2 (1982), 11–12.

La Guma, A., The Stone Country (Berlin: Seven Seas, 1967). See also Gala.
Leighton, J. M., ‘Censorship: One or Two Points in Favour and Some Against’, Index on Censorship, 5/1 (Spring 1976), 41–5.
Leroux, E., ‘Daardie brief was ook aan my gerig’, Kol, 1/2 (Sept.–Oct. 1968), 2–6.
------Magersfontein, O Magersfontein! (Cape Town: Human & Rousseau, 1976).
------To a Dubious Salvation (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1972).
Levin, H., ‘Thematics and Criticism’, in Levin, Grounds for Comparison (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1972).
Louw, A. M., ‘In the Heart of the Country: A Calvinist Allegory?’, PN Review, 14/2 (1987), 50–1.
Louw, N. P. van Wyk, Die Pluimsaad Waai Ver of Bitter Begin (Cape Town: Human & Rousseau, 1972).
------‘Toeriste-Kuns’, Standpunte, 2/2 (Apr. 1947), 67–9.
------Versamelde Prosa 1 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1986).
------Versamelde Prosa 2 (Cape Town: Human & Rousseau, 1986).
------‘Voorlopige dood van die jambiese vyfvoeter’, Kol, 1/1 (Aug. 1968), 1.

McDonald, Peter D., ‘Ideas of the Book and Histories of Literature: After Theory?’, PMLA 121/1 (Jan. 2006), 214–28.
------‘The Politics of Obscenity: Lady Chatterley’s Lover and the Apartheid State’, English Studies in Africa, 47/1 (2004), 31–46.
Malan, C., and M. Bosman, Sensuur, literatuur en die leser: ‘Donderdag of Woensdag’ as totesgeval (Pretoria: Sensal, 1983).
Masilela, N., ‘South African Literature in African Languages’, in S. Gikandi (ed.), Encyclopaedia of African Literature (London: Routledge, 2003).
Matshoba, M., Call Me Not a Man (Johannesburg: Ravan, 1979;London: Longman, 1987).
Matthews, J., no time for dreams (Cape Town: BLAC, 1981).
------The Party Is Over (Cape Town: Kwela Books, 1997).
------pass me a meatball, Jones (Cape Town: BLAC, 1977).
------(ed.), Black Voices Shout! (Cape Town: BLAC, 1974).
------and G. Thomas, Cry Rage! (Johannesburg: Spro-cas, 1972).
Medu Publications and Research Unit, ‘Opening the Doors of Culture’, Medu Newsletter, 4/1 (1982), 10–15.
Meintjies, F., ‘New Thinking---the Broader Political Context’, in I. de Kok and K. Press (eds), Spring Is Rebellious (Cape Town: Buchu Books, 1990).
Merrett, C., A Culture of Censorship (Cape Town: David Philip, 1994).
Moodley, S., ‘Black Consciousness, the Black Artist and the Emerging Black Culture’, SASO Newsletter, 2/3 (May–June 1972), 19–20.
Morphet, T., ‘Cultural Imagination and Cultural Settlement: Albie Sachs and Njabulo Ndebele’, in I. de Kok and K. Press (eds), Spring Is Rebellious (Cape Town: Buchu Books, 1990).
Mphahlele, E., The African Image (London: Faber, 1962; new, rev. edn, 1974).
------Bury Me at the Marketplace: Selected Letters of Es’kia Mphahlele, 1943–1980, ed. N. C. Manganyi (Johannesburg: Skotaville, 1984).
------Chirundu (Johannesburg: Ravan, 1979).
------‘The Cult of Negritude’, Encounter, 16/3 (1961), 50–2.
------Down Second Avenue (London: Faber, 1959).
------Es’kia (Cape Town: Kwela Books, 2002).
------Es’kia Continued (Johannesburg: Stainbank and Associates, 2005).
------‘The Function of Literature at the Present Time: The Ethnic Imperative’, Transition, 9/2 (1974), 47–54.
------In Corner B (Nairobi: East Africa Publishing House, 1967).
------Let’s Talk Writing: Prose (Johannesburg: AWA and the Council for Black Education and Research, 1985).
------‘Mphahlele on the CIA’, Transition, 7/3 (Dec.–Jan. 1967–8), 5.
------The Unbroken Song (Johannesburg: Ravan, 1981).
------Voices in the Whirlwind (London: Macmillan, 1973).
------The Wanderers (Johannesburg: Ravan, 1983).
------‘The Woman Walks Out’, The Purple Renoster, 2 (Spring 1957), 4–6.
Mtshali, O., Sounds of a Cowhide Drum (Johannesburg: Renoster Books, 1971;Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1972).
Mulhern, F., Culture/Metaculture (London: Routledge, 2000).
Mutloatse, M., ‘Indigenous Publishing in South Africa: The Case of Skotaville Publishers’, in P. G. Altbach (ed.), Publishing and Development in the Third World (London: Hans Zell, 1992).
------(ed.), Forced Landing (Johannesburg: Ravan, 1980).
Mzamane, M. V., The Children of Soweto (Johannesburg: Ravan, 1982).
------Mzala (Johannesburg: Ravan, 1980).
------‘The Short Story Tradition in Black South Africa’, Donga, 7 (Sept. 1977), 1.
------‘The Uses of Traditional Oral Forms in Black South African Literature’, in L. White and T. Couzens (eds), Literature and Society in South Africa (Cape Town: Maskew Miller Longman, 1984).

Ndebele, N., ‘Black Development’, in B. S. Biko (ed.), Black Viewpoint (Johannesburg: Spro-cas, 1972).
------Fools and Other Stories (Johannesburg: Ravan, 1983).
------Rediscovery of the Ordinary (Johannesburg: COSAW, 1991).
Nkasa, N., Comment, The Classic, 1/1 (1963), 4.
------The World of Nat Nakasa, ed. E. Patel (Randburg: Ravan, 1975).
Nkosi, L., ‘Alex La Guma: The Man and his Work’, South Africa: Information and Analysis, 59 (Jan. 1968), 1–8.
------Home and Exile (London: Longmans, Green, 1965).
Ndletyana, M et al., African Intellectuals in 19th and early 20th Century South Africa (Cape Town: HSRC Press, 2008).
Nussbaum, M. C., Hiding from Humanity: Disgust, Shame, and the Law (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004).
Nuttall, S., ‘Literature and the Archive: The Biography of Texts’, in C. Hamilton et al. (eds), Refiguring the Archive (Cape Town: David Philip, 2002).

O’Brien, A., Against Normalization (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2001).
------‘Literature in Another South Africa: Njabulo Ndebele’s Theory of Emergent Culture’, Diacritics, 22/1 (1992), 66–85.
Odendaal, W., ‘Donga: One Angry Voice’, English in Africa, 7/2 (Sept. 1980), 67–74.

Paton, J. S. (ed.), The Grey Ones (Johannesburg: Ravan, 1974).
Peires, J., ‘Lovedale Press: Literature for the Bantu Revisited’, English in Africa, 7/1 (Mar. 1980), 71–85.
‘PEN Charter’, South African PEN Yearbook (Johannesburg: CNA, 1954).
Petersen, S. V. et. al, ‘Binnelandse Sensuur’ (Domestic Censorship), Standpunte, 30 (Dec. 1953), 1–32.
Philip, D., ‘Oppositional Publishing in South Africa from 1945 to 2000’, Logos, 2/1 (2000), 41–8.
------‘South Africa’, in P. G. Altbach and E. S. Hoshino (eds), International Book Publishing: An Encyclopaedia (New York: Garland, 1995).
Plaatje, S. T., Mhudi (Lovedale: Lovedale Press, 1930).
Powell, Rose, ‘Writing Is Part of the Struggle’, Index on Censorship, 9/6 (Dec. 1980), 8–12.
Poyner, J. (ed.), J. M. Coetzee and the Idea of the Public Intellectual (Athens: Ohio University Press, 2006).
Pringle, T., and J. Fairbairn (eds), The South African Journal, 2 vols (1824), South African Library Reprint Series (Cape Town: South African Library, 1974).
------et al., Papers of the South African Literary Society (Cape Town: W. Bridekirk, 1825; repr. Cape Town: Africana Connoisseurs Press, 1963).

Raditlhalo, S., and T. L. Liyong (eds), Es’kia (Johannesburg: Stainbank and Associates, 2006).
Randall, P., ‘The Beginnings of Ravan Press: A Memoir’, in G. E. de Villiers (ed.), Ravan: Twenty Five Years (Randburg: Ravan, 1997).
------‘“Minority” Publishing in South Africa’, African Book Publishing Record, 1/3 (July 1975), 219–22.
------A Taste for Power (Johannesburg: SPRO-CAS, 1973).
Rive, R., Emergency (London: Faber & Faber, 1964).
------Writing Black (Cape Town: David Philip, 1981).
Roberts, R. S., No Cold Kitchen (Johannesburg: STE Publishers, 2005).
Roscoe, A., Uhuru’s Fire: African Literature East to South (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977).
Royston, R. (ed.), Black Poets in South Africa (London: Heinemann, 1974).

Sachs, A., Advancing Human Rights in South Africa (Cape Town: Oxford University Press, 1992).
------‘Afterword: The Taste of an Avocado Pear’, in I. de Kok and K. Press (eds), Spring Is Rebellious (Cape Town: Buchu Books, 1990).
------‘Preparing Ourselves for Freedom’, in D. Attridge and R. Jolly (eds), Writing South Africa (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).
------Protecting Human Rights in a New South Africa (Cape Town: Oxford University Press, 1990).
Sanders, M., Complicities: The Intellectual and Apartheid (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002).
Sartre, J.-P., What Is Literature?, trans. B. Frechtman (London: Routledge, 1993).
Sepamla, S., ‘A Note on New Classic and S’ketsh’, English in Africa, 7/2 (Sept. 1980), 81–5.
Seroke, J., ‘The Voice of the Voiceless’, African Book Publishing Record, 10/4 (1984), 201–6.
Serote, M. W., ‘the black word’, BLAC Newsletter, 1/2 [c.1975], 4–5.
------‘Naledi Writers Workshop’, Medu Newsletter, 6/1 (1984), 21–2.
------To Every Birth its Blood (Johannesburg: Ravan, 1981).
------Yakhal’inkomo (Johannesburg: Renoster Books, 1972).
Shils, E., The Intellectuals and the Powers (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1972).
Shore, H. L. (ed.), Come Back, Africa: Fourteen Short Stories from South Africa (East Berlin: Seven Seas, 1968).
Sitas, A., ‘The Sachs Debate: A Philistine’s Resonse’, in I. de Kok and K. Press (eds), Spring Is Rebellious (Cape Town: Buchu Books, 1990).
Small, A., ‘Kol-kol oor vier se gesprek ’n vyfde’, Kol, 1/2 (Sept. 1968), 9–13.
------‘A Poem after the Bannings’, SASO Newsletter, 5/2 (Mar.–Apr. 1973), 8.
------‘Towards Cultural Understanding’, in H. W. van der Merwe and D. Walsh (eds), Student Perspectives on South Africa (Cape Town: David Philip, 1972).
Smit, B. (ed.), Skrywer en Gemeenskap (Pretoria: Haum Literêr, 1985).
------‘André Brink tussen sestig and sewentig’, Kol, 1/1 (Aug. 1968), 5–8.
Sole, K., ‘Authorship, Authenticity and the Black Community: The Novels of Soweto 1976’, in S. Clingman (ed.), Regions and Repertoires: Topics in South African Politics and Culture (Johannesburg: Ravan, 1991).
Sono, T., ‘Some Concepts of Negritude and Black Identity’, SASO Newsletter, 1/2 (June 1971), 18.
Sowden, L., et al. (eds), South African PEN Yearbook (Johannesburg: CNA, 1954–6).Stiebel, L., and L. Gunner (eds), Still Beating the Drum: Critical Perspectives on Lewis Nkosi (Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2005).
Sweetman, D., Mary Renault (London: Chatto & Windus, 1993).

Tlali, M., Muriel at Metropolitan (Johannesburg: Ravan, 1975).
Todorov, T., ‘The Notion of Literature’, New Literary History, 5/1 (Autumn 1973), 5–16.
Troye, D., An Act of Immorality (Johannesburg: Trans-world Publishers, 1963).
Trump, M. (ed.), Rendering Things Visible (Johannesburg: Ravan, 1990).

Unesco, Apartheid: Its Effects on Education, Science, Culture and Information (Paris: Unesco, 1967).

Vail, L., and L. White, Power and the Praise Poem (London: James Currey, 1991).
Van den Heever, C. M., et al., Kultuurgeskiedenis van die Afrikaner, i (Cape Town: Nasionale Pers, 1945).
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Theses

Mzamane, M., ‘Black Consciousness Poets in South Africa 1967–1980’, Ph.D. thesis (Sheffield University, 1984).
van der Vlies, A., ‘Constructing South African Literatures in Britain, 1880–1980’, D.Phil. thesis (Oxford University, 2004).

Midgely, P. 'Author, Ideology, Publisher: A Symbiotic Relationship', MA
Thesis (Rhodes University, 1993).


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